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Which is a sustainable practice?

A. operating wind farms
B. clear cutting
C. flood irrigation
D. overfishing


The sustainable practice is operating wind farms (Option A).

Wind farms generate renewable energy by harnessing wind power and do not consume natural resources such as fossil fuels. Wind turbines have a relatively low environmental impact compared to other forms of energy production, and they emit no air pollutants or greenhouse gases.

Clear cutting (Option B) is a logging practice where all trees are removed from an area. It has a negative impact on the ecosystem, including soil erosion, loss of habitat, and disruption of local water cycles.

Flood irrigation (Option C) involves flooding a field with water to irrigate crops. While this practice can be effective in certain areas, it can also lead to soil erosion, water waste, and soil salinization.

Overfishing (Option D) is the practice of harvesting fish from the ocean at a rate that exceeds their ability to reproduce. This can lead to the depletion of fish populations, which has negative impacts on the marine ecosystem and the fishing industry.

Therefore, operating wind farms is the most sustainable practice among the given options as it promotes the use of renewable energy and has a low environmental impact.

Sustainable Practice

Sustainable practice refers to activities or actions that are environmentally friendly, socially responsible, and economically viable. It involves the use of resources in a way that ensures their long-term availability for future generations while minimizing negative impacts on the environment, society, and the economy.

Sustainable practices are crucial for achieving a sustainable future, as they help to conserve natural resources, protect ecosystems, and reduce the carbon footprint. Some examples of sustainable practices and their benefits are:

Renewable Energy

One of the most important sustainable practices is the use of renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and hydroelectric power. Renewable energy is a clean and renewable source of energy that does not deplete natural resources or produce greenhouse gas emissions. By utilizing renewable energy, we can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to mitigating climate change.

Green Building

Green building practices involve the design and construction of buildings that are energy-efficient, water-efficient, and environmentally friendly. This includes the use of renewable energy, such as solar panels, as well as the use of sustainable building materials, such as bamboo or recycled materials. Green buildings have a lower environmental impact than traditional buildings and can help to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions.

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture practices involve the use of farming methods that do not harm the environment or deplete natural resources. This includes using organic farming methods, conserving soil and water resources, and minimizing the use of pesticides and fertilizers. Sustainable agriculture practices help to maintain soil health, protect biodiversity, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Waste Reduction and Recycling

Waste reduction and recycling practices involve the reduction, reuse, and recycling of waste materials. This includes composting food waste, recycling paper, plastic, and metal, and reducing the use of single-use plastics. By reducing waste and recycling materials, we can conserve natural resources, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfills.


Sustainable transportation practices involve the use of public transportation, walking, biking, or electric vehicles instead of traditional gasoline-powered cars. By using sustainable transportation, we can reduce our carbon footprint, improve air quality, and reduce traffic congestion.

Benefits of Sustainable Practices

Sustainable practices offer numerous benefits for the environment, society, and the economy. By conserving natural resources, protecting ecosystems, and reducing carbon emissions, sustainable practices contribute to mitigating climate change and promoting environmental sustainability. Additionally, sustainable practices can improve public health by reducing air and water pollution, as well as promote social equity by supporting local communities and protecting workers’ rights. Finally, sustainable practices can also promote economic growth by creating new job opportunities, reducing costs for businesses, and promoting innovation.


How can I adopt sustainable practices in my daily life?

You can adopt sustainable practices in your daily life by reducing your energy consumption, using public transportation or walking and biking instead of driving, reducing your waste by composting food waste and recycling materials, supporting local and organic food production, and using reusable bags and containers instead of single-use plastics.

How can businesses adopt sustainable practices?

Businesses can adopt sustainable practices by implementing energy-efficient measures, using renewable energy sources, reducing waste and increasing recycling, sourcing sustainable materials and products, and promoting sustainable transportation and travel practices.

What role do governments play in promoting sustainable practices?

Governments can play a significant role in promoting sustainable practices by implementing policies and regulations that encourage sustainable practices, investing in renewable energy and sustainable infrastructure, and providing incentives for businesses and individuals to adopt sustainable practices.


Sustainable practice is essential for achieving a sustainable future. By adopting sustainable practices such as renewable energy, green building, sustainable agriculture, waste reduction and recycling, and sustainable transportation, we can protect the environment, promote social equity, and support economic growth. Everyone has a role to play in creating a sustainable future, and by taking small steps toward sustainable practices, we can make a big impact.

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